A comparison and contrast of compressed natural gas (CNG) and liquid petroleum gas (LPG) are presented in this article, with the most significant differences being drawn attention to. Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) is an abbreviation for compressed natural gas (CNG), which is also an abbreviation for compressed natural gas (CNG).
Both are natural gas products. When comparing compressed natural gas and liquid petroleum gas, the most significant distinction is the composition of the fuels. In contrast to CNG, which is primarily composed of methane, LPG is composed mainly of propane.
To distinguish between CNG and LPG, keep reading the tabular form below, along with good discussions.
CNG is an abbreviation for compressed natural gas, which is compressed pure methane gas (CH4) used to produce a fuel that is non-polluting and virtually pollution-free. CNG is a non-polluting and almost pollution-free fuel since it is made from pure methane gas (CH4). Consequently, compressed natural gas (CNG) is sometimes referred to as ‘clean fuel’.
To make compressed natural gas (CNG), natural gas (most of which is methane, CH4) must first be compressed to less than 1% of its volume at standard atmospheric pressure. It is generally cylindrical or spherical, and it is stored and dispersed in rigid containers at pressures ranging from 20 to 25 MPa (2,900 to 3,600 psi), depending on the application. Since compressed natural gas (CNG) is far less costly than high-quality petrol, it is a compelling reason for automotive owners to switch from gasoline or diesel to this cleaner fuel.
LPG is created by combining light hydrocarbons such as propane and butane with high pressure to form a gas. This mixture is subsequently liquefied, resulting in the formation of the liquid form. Currently, the principal sources of LPG are the extraction of LPG from natural gas or refining crude oil. To store and transport liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), pressurised cylinders are used. It is easy to detect any leakage from these pressurised cylinders by the unpleasant smell of mercaptans, which is added to these cylinders in minute quantities to give them their distinctive fragrance.
Differences between CNG and LPG – Tabular Distinguishment
CNG is significantly less expensive than LPG, an essential factor to consider when deciding which fuel to use. While LPG has a higher calorific value than CNG, the calorific value of LPG is significantly higher.
CNG vs LPG: What’s the different thing?
|The primary use for this chemical is as a replacement for automobile gasoline.
|Aside from providing heat and cooking in homes, it may be utilised for various other applications. LPG has a variety of applications in business and agriculture as well.
|There is a substantial proportion of methane in compressed natural gas (CNG).
|Propane and butane are the two most essential components of LPG production.
|Because of this, it produces a lower quantity of greenhouse gas emissions (in comparison with LPG).
|It contributes to global warming since it emits a significant amount of carbon dioxide.
|Although it dissipates quickly, it is regarded to be relatively innocuous.
|It is exceedingly flammable, in contrast to air, which is lower in weight.
|Compressed natural gas (CNG) production is mainly derived from coal, oil, and natural gas reserves.
|The extraction of natural gas from reservoirs serves as the principal source of LPG supply in the industry.
CNG versus LPG: Which Is Better?
- The calorific values of LPG and CNG are as follows: LPG has a high calorific value of 90–95 MJ/m3, but CNG has a calorific value of just 35–40 MJ/m3, indicating that it is not as efficient as LPG. In this way, LPG outperforms other fuels such as biogas, gasoline, diesel, kerosene, and compressed natural gas in terms of energy efficiency (CNG).
- CNG vs LPG cost comparison: CNG is less expensive and more readily accessible than LPG gas.
Both CNG and LPG Have Their Advantages
- CNG vehicles are both safer and more fuel-efficient than gasoline-fueled vehicles on the road.
- CNG is the most cost-effective, cleanest, and ecologically friendly fuel available. Because compressed natural gas (CNG) is lighter than air, it dissipates more rapidly and evenly.
- Both of these fuels are pure and leave minimal residue behind.
- Equipment and vehicles will need less maintenance owing to a reduction in residues on them. As a consequence, the life of the machine or car is extended.
- Refrigerators are now powered by LPG instead of CFCs, enabling the environment to breathe a little easier. The presence of an ozone layer prevents the sun’s UV rays from reaching our environment.
- For many years, it has been used in hospitals, industry, agriculture, and building projects. It is a low-cost alternative to electricity, and it is used to light dwellings, heat water, and cook in areas where power is unavailable. By combining heat and electricity, rural areas may generate electricity from LPG (CHP).
- LPG is a powerful aerosol propellant and environmentally friendly rocket fuel. Because they are gases, they damage the Earth’s surface and atmosphere in a less harmful way than diesel does.
Both CNG and LPG Have Their Disadvantages
Since compressed natural gas (CNG) and liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) contain methane, which burns quickly in the air and has a low ignition temperature, both compressed natural gas (CNG) and liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) pose a risk of catching fire if the cylinder’s nozzle is left open or any leak occurs. When it comes to storing cylinders that must be kept separate for their safety, the quantity of storage space necessary is more than the amount of storage space required for liquid fuels. Gases such as natural gas and propane are used more frequently than liquid fuels such as gasoline and diesel, which is positive. Aside from that, other modifications to the vehicle are required to permit the installation of CNG cylinders on board.
Until the introduction of compressed natural gas (CNG), LPG was considered the only environmentally friendly fuel. In recent years, compressed natural gas (CNG) vehicles have mostly replaced gasoline and diesel vehicles. Furthermore, although CNG is recognised as a clean fuel, it has not been used as a cooking gas due to its high auto-ignition temperature (540°C) and narrow flammability range of 5-15%. Home lighting and cooking with LPG will continue to be a one-of-a-kind experience for consumers. Nowadays, LPG pipes are placed in most homes since the liquid petroleum product can be transported swiftly and safely via pipelines. As a result, although both CNG and LPG have several intrinsic limitations, distinguishing between CNG and LPG proves that they are both beneficial fuels.