A person can become a US citizen either by birth or by naturalization, after which they are entitled to several rights that come with responsibilities. Rights are the freedoms that citizens enjoy under the constitution of the United States of America.
These are some of the fundamental American rights that a citizen enjoys-
1) Right to life
The first fundamental of American rights grants citizens the universal right to life.
2) Right to vote
Right to vote grants every US citizen of legal voting age the ability to cast their vote in the federal elections held within the country.
3) Right to equality
This fundamental right grants every American citizen equality and looks equal regardless of who they are in the eyes of the law.
4) Right to express
This right grants American citizens the right to express themselves on any topic in public or person without fear of penalty. It is a fundamental right, though; people get the basic right
to voice their opinions through different mediums.
5) Right to Freedom of worship
This fundamental right grants US citizens the right to worship as they desire and is free to do so unless and until the worship does not infringe on other people’s or groups’ rights.
6) Right to education
Every American citizen has the right to all educational opportunities and facilities within the United States.
7) Right to own property
Every United States citizen has the proper authority to own property under their name.
8) Right to serve on a jury
Every American citizen has the justice to serve on a jury.
9) Right to have a US Passport.
Every US citizen has the right to obtain a US passport for travel outside the country.
10) Right to obtain citizenship for children born abroad.
Every US citizen can obtain citizenship for their children born abroad.
11) Right to get access to federal grants and scholarships.
This law allows American citizens to be eligible for grants and scholarships offered by state and federal governments.
12) Right to run for public office.
All American citizens have the authority to participate and take part in the democratic processes within the country and file their candidatures.
13) Right to protest
This fundamental right grants a US citizen the right to peacefully protest in person or by forming a group to redress grievances with the government.
Along With these fundamental American rights that a citizen of the US is protected with, in return, they are expected to take up specific essential responsibilities such as,
- Every US citizen is expected to defend the constitution of the country.
- All American citizens must follow and adhere to the rights and beliefs of others,
- US citizens have the responsibility to serve the government whenever the need arises.
- All American citizens are expected to be an active part of the democratic process of the country.
- All American citizens have the responsibility to abide by the laws and obey all the regulations predefined by the state.
- All American citizens are expected to engage in their communities.
As the former great American president, Franklin D. Roosevelt, once quoted, American human rights laws and civil liberties have helped shape the human rights movement in the US and worldwide. There is an erosion of the right to free speech, an invasion of privacy, and an infringement of the right to bear arms. It is essential to defend these rights as they are vital to all Americans.